Clearly label the on-off positions for the water, electricity and gas. Staying Safe After an Earthquake. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Tips. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire, DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or fire emergency. Scientists are not able to predict where and when the next earthquake will be, which means you wonât receive a warning before an earthquake hits or have any time to plan what to do to be safe. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Go through your home, imagining what could happen to each part of it, if shaken by a violent earthquake. Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. Most casualties result from partial building collapses, falling objects and debris, like toppling chimneys, falling bricks, ceiling plaster, and light fixtures. Check your coverage - it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. What if you knew that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake would happen in less than three weeks? Fire is a real danger during the aftermath of an earthquake, when firefighters will likely be overwhelmed with other calls. Do not drink from the bottle if the seal is broken or twisted. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? Johnson said Alaskans should generally follow a simple mantra when an earthquake hits: " â¦ Emergency Preparedness Guide for People with Disabilities/Special Needs. Whether you make your own kit or buy a professional kit, an earthquake survival kit will bring security during that time. Expect AFTERSHOCKS. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from ~14 cm of compression on Sandybrook Ln., north end of main rupture. Don't hang heavy pictures and other items over beds. Stay away from windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances, and do not use elevators. While the 4.3 magnitude earthquake centred about 20 kilometres north of Victoria did not cause much damage, it was a stark reminder that if the big one hits everyone needs to be prepared. PAGER - Rapid Assessment and Notification of an Earthquake's Impact; 2005; FS; 2005-3026; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J.; Lastowka, Lynda A. DO NOT expect firefighters, police or paramedics to help you. If your home is equipped with natural gas: tie or tape the appropriate wrench on or near the pipe, to turn off the gas, if necessary. Move only a few steps to a nearby safe place. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days) â¦ According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2004 was the deadliest year for earthquakes since the Renaissance Age, making it the second most fatal in recorded history, with more than 275,950 deaths reported from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26.Â. Affix mirrors, paintings and other hanging objects securely, so they won't fall off hooks. There are no open areas in downtown San Francisco far enough from glass or other falling debris to be considered safe refuge sites. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. Prepare yourself â¦ The study comprised eight counties: Imperial, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for Californiaâs complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015â3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. So there only one thing left in our hand is that we should be prepared to escape the earthquake by itself. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Earthquakes can be deadly - especially to those who don't know how to behave when the shaking starts. Stay on your floor, and take cover under a large piece of furniture. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Know what to do in each stage. House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. Before. Keep flammable items and household chemicals away from heat and where they are less likely to spill. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Many of these conditions can be prevented by taking a â¦ After an earthquake, the disaster may continue. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Keep heavy items on lower shelves. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. If the gas is turned off, it must be turned on again by a qualified tradesperson. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. If you are downtown, it is safer to remain inside a building after an earthquake unless there is a fire or gas leak. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. A complete discussion and understanding of proper actions during and after an earthquake will help people remember what to do when an emergency occurs. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017â5013âAâH, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. ShakeOut GIF showing step seven "reconnect and restore"Â of the seven steps to earthquake safety. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. Most earthquake-related injuries and deaths are caused by falling or flying objects (such as TVs, lamps, glass, or bookcases), or by being knocked to the ground. What to do during an earthquake Drop, cover, and hold on! DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Check yourself and others for injuries. This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). They may not be available. 6. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). What to do AFTER an earthquake? Put out small fires using extinguisher. Know/have an evacuation plan once an earthquake hits, including where to go, what to do, and what to bring in a go-bag Secure any objects within your home or office that might fall during an earthquake Know the evacuation routes not only from your home but from your work, childrenâs schools, neighborhoods and â¦ Boston was heavily damaged. Locate beds and chairs away from chimneys and windows. Check your coverage - it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. Boiling is the way to kill disease-causing viruses, parasites, and bacteria that may be in water. Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. You may have several options. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Before an earthquake Movement of the ground seldom is the actual cause of death or injury. Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey.Â Nine years after itâs publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Donât Freak Out--ShakeOut! What to do Before an Earthquake A well-designed earthquake plan is essential for effective preparedness. Before an Earthquake It â¦ From this came our belief that a doorway is â¦ How do I identify it? Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Thatâs over 225 earthquakes a year! Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main St. in Napa Downtown. Do you know what to do the moment the ground starts shaking? Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. Your earthquake safety plan will provide for you and your loved ones during the shaking and what happens after an earthquake. Photo taken on main rupture strand near Buhman Rd. The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne, Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.). If the phone doesn't work send someone for help. Here are 9 â¦ But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families. An earthquake shook buildings in the Indian capital of New Delhi on Monday, witnesses said. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Do not move around or kick up dust. Before an earthquake, families should learn what to do during an earthquake, which is âDrop, Cover, and Hold On.â â¢ DROP to the ground quickly. As people return to their work and homes, itâs always good to brush up on some basic dos and donâts for during and after an earthquake. Despite advances in science and technology, we are not able to pre-detect the earthquakes. There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. "Stay in bed," said Sam Johnson, preparedness specialist with the American Red Cross of Alaska. Although youâre not aware of them all, WA experienced 2,252 earthquakes between 2005 and 2015. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. EVACUATE. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People. Unfortunately, most people aren't in an open meadow when earthquakes hit. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Identify safe places in each room of your home. The recent (and almost back-to-back) series of deadly earthquakes in Japan and Ecuador have brought the importance of earthquake preparedness back into mainstream thought once again. Injuries can be avoided if you drop to the ground before the earthquake drops you. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. USGS Natural Hazards Programs: Lessons Learned for Reducing Risk; 1995; FS; 061-95; Hays, Walter W. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. DO NOT stand in a doorway: An enduring earthquake image of California is a collapsed adobe home with the door frame as the only standing part. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. With the help of the seismograph, we can only measure the magnitude of an earthquake. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information.Â The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. Earthquake Preparation: What to Do Before, During and After a Quake ... do not run outside during the earthquake. Shout only as a last resort. Total fault slip measured near this location was 40-46 cm. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. What to do before an earthquake Safety during an earthquake and aftershocks is all about what you do to prepare your family and property before the earthquake. Use a whistle if one is available. If the gas is turned off, it must be turned on again by a qualified tradesperson. This includes making up a family meeting place in the event the family is separated from each other, and listing phone numbers of emergency contacts to call in case something were to happen. Whether you are in your home, a school classroom, a high-rise or other type of building, it is important to know how to protect yourself during an earthquake. Check off the items that you have completed in this list. Secure top-heavy furniture and shelving units to prevent tipping. To create an effective plan, you should consider the questions below: Put anti-skid pads under TVs, computers and other small appliances, or secure them with Velcro or other such product. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. The magnitude of the quake or its epicentre was not immediately known. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Do not cross bridges, overpass or flyovers. Tie the water heater to studs along with other heavy appliances (stove, washer, dryer), especially those that could break gas or water lines if they shift or topple. Earthquakes? Develop a family earthquake plan. 6 things NOT to do after an earthquake in Japan. Do not try to run out of the structure during strong shaking. 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" â Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 2014 South Napa CA M6 Earthquake - August 24, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it, DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Man standing in front of collapsed home in Pengzhou. DON'T run downstairs or rush outside while... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenarioâEarthquake hazards (ver. Now that you know what to do, make sure you also know what not to do: Do not run outside Do: Shelter in place using Drop, Cover and Hold On; Do not â¦ Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Do not light a match. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? What to Do Before an Earthquake. Instead, lie face down to protect vital organs, and cover your head and neck with a pillow. Doorways do not protect you from the most likely source of injury â falling or flying objects. As soon as the shaking stops, take the fastest and safest way out. Closed curtains and blinds will help stop broken window glass from falling on beds. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. What to do ahead of the earthquake First of all, register at your embassy. Use child-proof or safety latches on cupboards to stop contents from spilling out. What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? What To Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake Recent earthquakes remind us that we live on a restless planet. Most injured persons in earthquakes move more than five feet during the shaking. Earthquake Updates in the Philippines Make sure everyone in the house knows what to do during an earthquake. Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. You could tie up the lines needed for emergency response. Monitor the situation from the radio. What to do before an earthquake? The 7.8-magnitude Ecuadorean earthquake and the Japanese quake â¦ Nine Things NOT to Do. Be UPDATES. Consult a professional to find out additional ways you can protect your home, such as bolting the house to its foundation and other structural mitigation techniques. 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