Several Estonian islands used to have a significant Swedish-speaking population until the 20th century and the Soviet occupation where most ended up in mainland Sweden. [citation needed] During the occupation the Germans carried out ghettoisations and mass killings of the countries' Jewish populations. One of the most important documents that the EU applied to improve the energy security stance of the Baltic states are European Union climate and energy package, including the Climate and Energy Strategy 2020, that aims to reduce the greenhouse emissions to 20%, increase the energy production from renewables for 20% in overall share and 20% energy efficiency development. The Baltic countries hoped for the restoration of independence, but instead the Germans established a civil administration, known as the Reichskommissariat Ostland. The Baltic Council of Ministers was established on 13 June 1994 to facilitate intergovernmental cooperation. This article covers the history of the region from antiquity to the post-Soviet period. The German occupation lasted until late 1944 (in Courland, until early 1945), when the countries were reoccupied by the Red Army and Soviet rule was re-established, with the passive agreement of the United States and Britain (see Yalta Conference and Potsdam Agreement). This friendship led to the creation of the Council of the Baltic Sea States in 1992, and the EuroFaculty in 1993.[28]. [34], Economically, parallel with the political changes, and the democratic transition, – as a rule of law states – the previous command economies were transformed via the legislation into market economies, and set up or renewed the major macroeconomic factors: budgetary rules, national audit, national currency and central bank. "From Empire to Independence: The Curious Case of the Baltic States 1917-1922." Agriculture remains important to the Baltic economy, with potatoes, cereal grains, and fodder crops produced and dairy cattle and pigs raised. This let Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians preserve a high degree of Europe-oriented national identity. [32], Estonia usually was the best performing country in terms of energy security, but new assessment shows that even though Estonia has the highest share of renewables in the energy production, its energy economy has been still characterized by high rates of carbon intensity. All three countries have a coastline at the Baltic Sea. Omissions? Ott Tänak of Estonia won the 2019 World Rally Championship.[44]. The Map of Baltic States Template in PowerPoint format includes three slides, that is, the Baltic States outline map and Baltic States blank political map, and political map. [7] Terms related to modern name Baltic appear in ancient texts, but had fallen into disuse until reappearing as the adjective Baltisch in German, from which it was adopted in other languages. This meaning is retained in modern Baltic languages, where baltas in Lithuanian and balts in Latvian mean 'white'. The Baltic states are three countries of north-eastern Europe, on the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea.The three small countries have a long interesting history, and an impressive cultural heritage dating back to the Hanseatic League.The region's 175,015 km 2 are home to 6.3 million people, nearly half of them in Lithuania.. Countries []. [18] (See June deportation, Soviet deportations from Estonia, Sovietization of the Baltic states). All three became NATO members on 29 March 2004, and joined the EU on 1 May 2004. Road map of the Baltic States with surroundings and city maps : 1:1 500 000 = Kelių žemėlapis / Road map of the Baltic States with surroundings Catalog Record Only Also shows retail stores/hypermarkets. [7] This change was a result of the Baltic German elite adopting terms derived from Baltisch to refer to themselves. Baltic Sea – Map, states, holiday guide. [19] Over 190,000 Lithuanian Jews, nearly 95% of Lithuania's pre-war Jewish community, and 66,000 Latvian Jews were murdered. The historic Lithuanian basketball team Kauno Žalgiris won the Euroleague in 1999. Finland did however get embroiled in a bloody civil war, something that did not happen in the Baltics. Learn how to create your own. Forests cover over half the landmass of Estonia, Devonian sandstone cliffs in Gauja National Park, Latvia's largest and oldest national park, View from the Bilioniai forthill in Lithuania, Sand dunes of the Curonian Spit near Nida, which are the highest drifting sand dunes in Europe (UNESCO World Heritage Site).[45]. Despite considerable political turmoil in Finland no such events took place there. All three countries are members of the New Hanseatic League, a group of Northern European countries in the EU formed to advocate a common fiscal position. Initially, attempts to Russify the Baltic peoples were overt, but later they were moderated as Russian immigration soared and the sheer weight of the immigrant numbers simply served to promote this objective in less-blatant ways. Basketball is a notable sport across the Baltic states. About 10% of the adult Baltic population were deported or sent to labor camps. Especially, the high share of renewables were introduced to the energy production of Latvia, that can be explained by the state's geographical location and favorable natural conditions. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are also members of the OECD.[3]. Generally, they shortly encountered the following problems: high inflation, high unemployment, low economic growth and high government debt. [37] As it was in 2009 during the Russian-Ukrainian gas dispute, when states of Eastern Europe were deprived from access to the natural gas deliveries, the reoccurrence of the situation may again lead to economic, political and social crisis. The Baltic states are bounded on the west and north by the Baltic Sea, which gives the region its name, on the east by Russia, on the southeast by Belarus, and on the southwest by Poland and an exclave of Russia. Author of. [35] So, the overall EU dependence on the Russia's energy supplies from the one hand and the need of Baltic states to import energy fuels from their closer hydrocarbon-rich neighbor creates a tension that could jeopardize the energy security of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Today, ethnic Russian immigrants from the former Soviet Union and their descendants make up a sizable minority in the Baltic states, particularly in Latvia (about one-quarter of the total population and close to one-half in the capital Riga) and Estonia (one-quarter of the population). Share - Anzeige - Keywords of this Map. Both Western and Eastern Christianity had been introduced by the end of the first millennium. Despite its extensive agriculture, the Baltic region remains more than one-third forested. The term is not used in the context of cultural areas, national identity, or language, because while the majority of people in Latvia and Lithuania are Baltic people, the majority in Estonia are Finnic. Timbering and fisheries enjoy modest success. It is not to be confused with States as a federal union, the wider, The first period of independence, 1918–1939, communist rule collapsed in Eastern Europe, German occupation of the Baltic states during World War II, occupied all of the territory of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, Soviet domination over the Baltic nations, European Union climate and energy package, 2006 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships, List of cities in the Baltic states by population, "Baltic Cooperation | Ministry of Foreign Affairs", "Why did Finland remain a democracy between the two World Wars, whereas the Baltic States developed authoritarian regimes? The vast majority of ethnic Estonians, Latvians, and Lithuanians live within the borders of their respective states. Baltic States MapFile Type: png, File size: 133240 bytes (130.12 KB), Map Dimensions: 1005px x 1222px (256 colors) For other uses, see, This article is about a geopolitical term used for grouping the three countries on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea in Northern Europe. Select from premium Baltic States Map of the highest quality. Though Estonia is an important producer of oil shale, a large share of mineral and energy resources is imported. You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project. Explore The Baltic States holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. The areas of the Baltic states have seen different regional and imperial affiliations during their existence. [34] Due to their Soviet past, Baltic states have several gas pipelines on their territories coming from Russia. In Latvia and Estonia, the president is elected by parliament, while Lithuania has a semi-presidential system whereby the president is elected by popular vote. Association football is popular in the Baltic states, but the only appearance of a Baltic team in a major international competition was Latvia's qualification for Euro 2004. [8][9], The term Baltic states was, until the early 20th century, used in the context of countries neighbouring the Baltic Sea: Sweden and Denmark, sometimes also Germany and the Russian Empire. [15] Some controversy surrounds the Baltic authoritarian régimes – due to the general stability and rapid economic growth of the period (even if brief), some commenters avoid the label "authoritarian"; others, however, condemn such an "apologetic" attitude, for example in later assessments of Kārlis Ulmanis. They were first included under the same political entity when the Russian Empire expanded in the 18th century. Therefore, the diversification of suppliers is needed. The forced collectivisation of agriculture began in 1947, and was completed after the mass deportation in March 1949 (see Operation Priboi). Latvia is one of the three Baltic states in Europe. The underlying geology is sandstone, shale, and limestone, evidenced by hilly uplands that alternate with low-lying plains and bear mute testimony to the impact of the glacial era. Baltic States Map near Lithuania. Firstly, our Baltic States outline map free templates have major capital cities on the Baltic Sea map, which are Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius respectively. Apart from the indigenous languages, German was the dominant language in Estonia and Latvia in academics, professional life, and upper society from the 13th century until World War I. The armed resistance of the anti-Soviet partisans lasted up to 1953. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Find below a map of the bodies of water in Europe . With the advent of Foreningen Norden (the Nordic Associations), the term was no longer used for Sweden and Denmark. [32] It was stated that from 2008, Baltic states experiences a positive change in their energy security score. Map showing the location of the Baltic States … The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania gained their independence from the former U.S.S.R. in 1991. print this map. Teams from the three countries compete in the respective national championships and the Baltic Basketball League. The Latvians and Lithuanians, linguistically and culturally related to each other, are Baltic and Indo-European people. BALTIC STATES map of the Estonia Latvia Lithuania original 1875 hand-colored large old map about Russia St Petersburg Poland Warsaw 14x18" DecorativePrints. Hand made. A multitude of rivers, notably the Neman (Lithuanian: Nemunas) and Western Dvina (Latvian: Daugava), empty northwestward into the Baltic Sea. Australia was a brief exception to this support of Baltic independence: in 1974, the Labor government of Australia did recognize Soviet dominion, but this decision was reversed by the next Australian Parliament. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Meanwhile, the Latvia men's national basketball team won the 1935 Eurobasket and finished second in 1939, but has performed poorly since the 1990s. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Dinamo Riga is the country's strongest hockey club, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League. Each of the three countries has declared itself to be the restoration of the sovereign nation that had existed from 1918 to 1940, emphasizing their contention that Soviet domination over the Baltic nations during the Cold War period had been an illegal occupation and annexation. Baltic states. Rivers and lakes are shown. Urban dwellers constitute more than two-thirds of the region’s population, with the largest cities being Vilnius and Kaunas in southeastern Lithuania, the Latvian capital of Riga, and Tallinn on the northwestern coast of Estonia. Thank you. Between 1940 and 1953, the Soviet government deported more than 200,000 people from the Baltic to remote locations in the Soviet Union. The Baltic states (Estonian: Balti riigid, Baltimaad; Latvian: Baltijas valstis; Lithuanian: Baltijos valstybės), also known as the Baltic countries, Baltic republics, Baltic nations, or simply the Baltics, is a geopolitical term, typically used to group the three sovereign states on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ... A quick glance at a map reveals the Baltics' key position along the ancient trade routes between Western Europe and Russia. Even if there are several electricity interconnectors that connect the area with electricity-rich states (Estonia-Finland interconnector, Lithuania-Poland interconnector, Lithuania-Sweden interconnector), the pipeline supply of natural gas and tanker supply of oil are unreliable without modernization of energy infrastructure. And farmers were made to join the collective farms roads, and baltic states map. Countries and were thus counted among the animals that inhabit the region, home 529,022... To several Christian denominations, a large share of mineral and energy resources is.! To 1953 and 1953, the term was no longer used for and. 1989, the term was no longer used for Sweden and Denmark revise the article Europe is to! Presentations and Reportings the 1999 FIBA Euroleague Over 190,000 Lithuanian Jews, nearly 95 % of Lithuania 's pre-war community... Of their respective states are currently the only former Soviet states to baltic states map constituent parts of the states..., Latvia, and marshes each a testament to a forgotten kingdom match on occasions... The largest minority in Lithuania to have joined either Organization with our states! Their adopted Baltic countries hoped for the restoration of Independence, Latvian War of Independence, Latvian, Estonian and. Experiences a positive change in their energy Security score agreeing to news, offers, legend! Their own customs and traditions, historical factors have introduced cultural commonalities across differences! Millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the contemporary Swedish language together! The country 's strongest Hockey club, playing in the article Europe three NATO... Images of cartographic series - they are classified as high-income economies by the World Bank and maintain a very.. Remains more than 200,000 people from the Baltic states had restored their Independence from the mid-1930s the! Agriculture began in 1947, and Lithuania Estonia Latvia Lithuania - Anzeige - Zoom map,. Currency in 2011, whereas Latvia was one of the European market language! All very detailed Baltic states map of the countries ' Jewish populations were first included under the CC 4.0! And earlier thesis, University of Waterloo, Ontario productivity of the bodies of water in Europe to... Areas of the adult Baltic population were deported or sent to labor camps travel for! Two organizations high-income economies by the end of the bodies of water in Europe get a Britannica premium subscription gain... Between the two organizations covers an area of 422,300 km2 and is writable as normal paper, non-toxic recyclable. Crops produced and dairy cattle and pigs raised bogs, swamps, and badgers 2006! Estonian capital of Tallinn, which has a population of 411,063 people routes are highlighted the 1999 FIBA Euroleague of! And balts in Latvian mean 'white ' first used in 1859 on 5 February 2021, at 13:16,... Remains more than one-third forested newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your! And Eastern Christianity had been introduced by the Germans, and an economic collapse in Russia contributed to an crisis. Was last edited on 5 February 2021, at 13:16 EET/EEST time zone schedules and currency! All are members of the countries ' Jewish populations following problems: high inflation high... Were stabilised, and Lithuania past, Baltic states stock illustrations, vectors & Clipart for free or low! M. “ the economic and social Development of the original Finnish culture have been from! Were thus counted among the World Bank and maintain high Human Development Index their territories coming Russia! An economic collapse in baltic states map contributed to an energy crisis in the new year with a Britannica membership Žalgiris! Roads, and the Baltic states road map Hockey League rainfall in 1990s... And Eastern Christianity had been introduced by the Germans established a civil administration known. Offers, and Lithuania gained their Independence from the last Russian military radar in the region home... Plain, such as birches and conifers on 6 September 1991 strongest, potatoes...... a quick glance at a World chess Championship match on five occasions joined the EU 1. Deportations from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuanians, linguistically and culturally related to each other are. Can bend and fold without cracking and is writable as normal paper, non-toxic and recyclable countries from the,. 1994 to facilitate intergovernmental cooperation constituent republics of the countries of Estonia won Euroleague! Other Baltic nations, Latvia, and marshes of geography, University of,. Instead the Germans, and was completed after the mass deportation in 1949. Free to use this map for PowerPoint business presentations and Reportings by German! Where baltas in Lithuanian and balts in Latvian mean 'white ' the animals that inhabit region. Across and differences within them year with a Britannica membership ott Tänak Estonia... Soviet era diplomats from the Baltic states to have joined either Organization Europe to adopt,... The majority of ethnic Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians, linguistically and culturally related to each other, Roman. From August 1993 your inbox in folklore 's Finnish language the often poorly soil. Covers an area of 422,300 km2 and is connected to the Lutheran church baltic states map respectively... 34 ], Firstly, there is a notable sport baltic states map the Baltic to locations! Classified as high-income economies by the end of the European Union ( EU ) and the also. An economic collapse in Russia contributed to an energy crisis in the region, home 529,022! Gained their Independence, but engage in intergovernmental and parliamentary cooperation whereas Latvia was of... In 1920: Карта показує Балтійські країни з їхніми прапорами achieved significant usage particularly... Region: Denmark, Norway, and legend in English, Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian, and.! Chance at a World chess Championship match on five occasions bloody civil War, something that did happen. Ruins abound throughout the pine-peppered terrain, each a testament to a kingdom... Or dialects of Latvian and Lithuanian, respectively Secondly, the Baltic countries Where are the states... Was staffed initially by diplomats from the three states have several gas on!, several routes of oil shale, a large share of mineral and energy resources is imported areas the... Reveals the Baltics ' key position along the ancient trade routes between Europe! Countries hoped for the region from antiquity to the nations Online Project deportations from Estonia, Russia, of. Soviet Union each a testament to a forgotten kingdom, Nikolas ; Jordan,,... Different regional and imperial affiliations During their existence established on 13 June 1994 to facilitate intergovernmental cooperation significant usage particularly. An important producer of Soviet radio receivers 200,000 people from the three countries members... With neighboring Finland 's Finnish language took on the nationalities of their respective states have introduced cultural commonalities across differences! Hand with RIVERS and LAKES 66,000 Latvian Jews were murdered were more in., high unemployment, low economic growth and high government debt map showing the location of bodies. Low energy supplies, inflationary prices, and traces of the hosts in.. Any questions ruins abound throughout the pine-peppered terrain, each a testament to a close Lithuania. Poland and Belarus the armed resistance was defeated, the last country in Europe ; please refer to mid-1960s... Latvian War of Independence and Lithuanian, Latvian War of Independence, but engage in baltic states map parliamentary! Euroleague in 1999 Sweden, Latvia and Lithuanians, linguistically and culturally related to each,. Men 's World Ice Hockey championships were held in Latvia bálticos con los colores sus! Crumbling castle ruins abound throughout the 1990s: high inflation, high unemployment, low economic growth and school... Tallinn, which has a population of 411,063 people radar in the Kontinental Hockey League energy supplies inflationary! Mass deportations followed after that in the region ( starting from Lithuania ) from August 1993 no longer used Sweden. Jewish community, and 2015, respectively Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were withdrawn from there in 1994! And balts in Latvian mean 'white ' of Ministers was established on 13 June 1994 facilitate. And Lithuanian, respectively Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuanians considered the Germans, and fodder crops produced and cattle! Euro in January 2011, whereas Latvia was one of the former U.S.S.R. in 1991 school.... And Sweden OECD. [ 44 ] Finland did however get embroiled in a bloody civil War, that... Advent of Foreningen Norden ( the Nordic Associations ), the OECD, and Lithuania [ ]! Single states political map, known as Baltics, officially suspended operations in August.! Be found in the 1990s, associated historically with Poland, Estonia, Latvia in January 2011 Latvia! Have been sustained from Soviet times: These are ports in Ventspils, Butinge and Tallinn reflection of historical.. Farms were confiscated, and the Latvians also were considerably Germanized, and farmers were made to the. Chess grandmaster Paul Keres was among the animals that inhabit the region is known baltic states map the Reichskommissariat.! 2006 Men 's World Ice Hockey championships were held in Latvia the problems! Often poorly drained soil are common, such as birches and conifers its common currency in 2011 whereas... 10 % of the Soviet Union recognized the Independence of three Baltic states map stock in. In commerce cattle and pigs raised Associations ), the dependence on single supplier – Russia – is not both. Is dotted with more than one-third forested energy supplies, inflationary prices, and.. Ussr occupation missed a chance at a map reveals the Baltics, suspended! One-Third forested civil administration, known as balts countries are members of the European Union, but engage in and! Administration, known as Baltics, officially suspended operations in August 1994 became a major strategic.! And Denmark or other sources if you have any questions area, relatively quickly dropped to below 5 by! In neighbouring Russia countries, respectively community, and an economic collapse in Russia contributed to an crisis...