Psalm 107 is a psalm of thanksgiving, extolling God for delivering God’s people from a variety of troubles. 4:35-41 Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. But in between them stands the gift and power of the good news of God’s Messiah, Jesus. Be still” (v. 39). How did the disciples react to this storm? Commentary on Mark 4:35-41. Or if a wave that is higher than the boat is wide hits from the side, it will capsize” (Hoezee, 206). Jesus’ disciples wouldn’t have understood the physics, but they would be all too familiar with the danger. “Other small boats were also with him” (v. 36c). Or one can be open to hearing the message and promise of this Jesus in whom we are told that the kingdom of God has come into our midst and now offers a whole new future for our world and for our lives. ), The Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday’s Text. Since its inception, people have cherished David and Goliath as one of the most favored stories of all time. This last section, which is not really a parable, has some interesting details in it. As I am studying chapter 4 in Mark, I am in awe of how much information the Spirit has put in such a few verses. Read Mark 4 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). and rebuked the winds forcefully with his double command: “Be silent! They were afraid of the storm, and now they are afraid of Jesus. At the last minute, the chut… The little phrase, ‘Let us go over to the other side’ has strategic importance for Mark, and for my training as a disciple. Jesus’ role as teacher is important in this Gospel. The Unknown Quantity In Christ. Note these dissimilarities between these two stories: • Jonah sailed for Tarshish to avoid his God-given call to save the Ninevite Gentiles. Jesus’ calm voice and brief commands reflect his authority over the elements. 37 And there arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up. In the order of the original Greek, the text would read “and he continued to speak to them on that day … ” The important effect is to remind us that this story comes right on the heels of all of Jesus’ special teaching to his disciples on the nature of the kingdom — on his characterization of that kingdom as couched in hiddenness and secrecy, and of its requiring a special gift of hearing to comprehend. This is a sermon I recently preached on Mark 4:35-41, the account of Jesus’s calming of the storm on the Sea of Galilee. There are a number of parallels between this story and that of Jonah (Marcus, 337-340 and Edwards, 149-151). This incident is in two parts. If God is so great and powerful a creator, if God really cares about this world, then why do events in the world and in my life go so badly. And it is immediately and directly answered. ), which the WEB has updated. The Third Readings: The Gospels (GrandRapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2001), Hooker, Morna D., The Gospel According to Saint Mark (Hendrickson Publishers, 1991), Jensen, Richard A., Preaching Mark’s Gospel (Lima, OH: C.S.S. Mark 4:35-41 35 On that day, when evening had come, he said to them, “ Let us go across to the other side.” 36 And leaving the crowd, they took him with them in the boat, just as he was. “He himself was in the stern, asleep on a cushion” (v. 38a). So when Jesus rebukes the wind and says to the sea, “Peace! still promise to carry us safely through the night." Carbon dating shows that it was from Jesus’ time. Hot air rises and cool air falls, so the cool air in the higher elevations is always wanting to swap places with the warmer air near the water. a great windstorm and the waves began to beat against the boat so that the boat was already filling with water.” So much for implied safety of the boat (4 times in this we have already heard about this “boat”). We would expect that the disciples, in crisis, would address Jesus as Lord instead of Teacher. Barclay, William, Gospel of Mark (Edinburgh: The Saint Andrew Press, 1954), Brooks, James A, The New American Commentary: Mark (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1991), Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV—Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, B (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1993), Donahue, John R. and Harrington, Daniel J., Sacra Pagina: The Gospel of Mark (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 2002), Edwards, James R., The Gospel According to Mark (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002), France, R.T., The New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Gospel of Mark (GrandRapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2002), Geddert, Timothy J., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Mark (Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 2001), Grant, Frederick C. and Luccock, Halford E., The Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. 38He himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion, and they woke him up, and told him, “Teacher (Greek: didaskale), don’t you care that we are dying?” 39He awoke, and rebuked the wind, and said to the sea, “Peace! Jesus does not chastise or reason with their fears. "Even when the seas threaten to engulf us and human imperial posturing threatens our home and the heart of our identity, the Risen One is always in the boat with us. Now we’re in a place where we can see what Jesus’ disciples are made of. The Lord’s care has already been demonstrated. “Why are you so afraid? 6. Lectio Divina: Mark 4:35-41 . The powers defeated, 4:35-5:43. i] Nature - calming the sea. God’s speech from the whirlwind to Job has been a long time coming. The response of the winds is immediate. Only God has power over seas and storms (Psalm 107:29). ); and cures a blind man at Bethsaida. We are tempted to follow wherever the crowd would lead. It is his power rather than his teaching that they need in this particular moment. The disciples panic and want Jesus, their leader, to share their concern—to show a sense of urgency that might lead to a remedy. 4:35-41 Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. This will seem ironic when we look at the story of the storm at sea. Has God abandoned his people? Actually, this short transition is vastly important for setting the stage for this familiar story of the stilling of the storm. How Jesus manages to stay asleep though this is unknown but traditional commentaries on the passage say that he slept deliberately in order to test the faith of the apostles. Matthew and Luke, both of whom use Mark as one of their primary sources, change the disciples’ rebuke to an appeal—presumably because of their discomfort at the disciples rebuking Jesus. At the cross, however, the Roman centurion who oversees the crucifixion (a Gentile), provides a clear answer. 7 (Nashville: Abingdon, 1951), Guelich, Robert A., Word Biblical Commentary: Mark 1 – 8:26 (Dallas: Word Books, 1989), Hare, Douglas R. A., Westminster Bible Companion: Mark (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1996), Hoezee, Scott, in Van Harn, Roger (ed. But we need to evaluate popular opinion carefully and walk away when it isn’t faithful to Biblical teaching. If that is the case, then they failed, because they were so scared that they woke Jesus up to find out whether he cared if they all drowned. In Matthew, they say, “Save us, Lord! (4:40). The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. Their question also provides the key to this story, which does more than to reveal Jesus’ power. “A great windstorm arose, and the waves beat into the boat, so that the boat was already being swamped.” Jesus and his disciples are crossing the Sea of Galilee. All in the plane were killed except Tom. In the Name of Jesus. If a boat heads into a wave that is higher than the boat is long, it will get pitchpoled end to end to its doom. The ready response: either God has no power, or God does not care for us or the creation. Mark 4:35-41New International Version (NIV) Jesus Calms the Storm 35 That day when evening came, he said to his disciples, “Let us go over to the other side.”36 Leaving the crowd behind, they took him along, just as he was, in the boat. His identity will gradually become clearer until Peter’s confession (8:29). However, while Jesus is like Jonah, he is greater than Jonah. Mark 4:35-41 Introduction Put your books away – take out a blank piece of paper and something to write with – it is time for a Pop Quiz!!!! “Leaving the multitude” (v. 36a). Mark 4:35-41 The Passion Translation (TPT) Later that day, after it grew dark, Jesus said to his disciples, “Let’s cross over to the other side of the lake.” After they had sent the crowd away, they shoved off from shore with him, as he had been teaching from the boat, and there were other boats that sailed with them. Jesus, however, could walk away from the crowd to pray or to carry on his work elsewhere. Out of the blue, so to speak, with no textual transition we read: “And there happens! They have followed Jesus around and … Commentary on Mark 4:35-41 (Read Mark 4:35-41) Christ was asleep in the storm, to try the faith of his disciples, and to stir them up to pray. They should believe—they have heard Jesus teach and have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears to trump their faith. Study the bible online using commentary on Mark 4 and more! 3 The daughter of Jairus 5:21-24; 35-43. How is it that you have no faith”, All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. Their question provides the clue to the answer. The phrase is so brief the reader could almost ignore it. o Oh!!! They are strong, self-reliant men who would handle moderate danger as a matter of course. Jesus goes on to scold the disciples: "Why are you afraid? Saturday, February 1, 2020. So how strong can we surmise this storm was? So far, Mark has done little to draw our attention to them. Leaving the crowd on the beach, Jesus and his disciples embark and head for the east side of the lake. “They took him, even as he was, in the boat” (v. 36b). They are… In Matthew and Luke, the disciples won’t “get it” until after the resurrection. 1. The question of how we will respond to this Jesus, whom “even the wind and the sea obey” is left open. This is an honest appraisal of the situation in the story, and a parable of the situation of all of us when cast adrift in the storms of the world without God’s presence and care. Chapter 4 opens with a series of parables (the sower, the lamp and the bushel basket, the growing seed, and the mustard seed). I mean—what really, really frightens you? Mark 4:35 – 8:13 includes four crossings of the Sea of Galilee (4:35; 5:21; 6:45; 8:13)—back and forth between the western Jewish side and the eastern Gentile side. Their cry is the ultimate cry of fear, of doubt and abandonment, repeated often in the stories of God’s people, as for example in the psalms. In an effort to distinguish between Class A and Class B miracles, Dr. Morris told the true story of a young pilot named Tom (now with Missionary Aviation Fellowship) who was flying at 30,000 feet when his plane exploded. One can continue to live in the world of fear and chaos, seeing oneself orphaned or alone without the power of God, living in a world controlled by the power of satan or the demonic. THE CONTEXT. Resume Prayer. Amen? When our wicked hearts are like the troubled sea which cannot rest, when our passions are unruly, let us think we hear the law of Christ, … There is time for the answer to mature in the hearing of the rest of the story; just as there is time for that answer to take shape in our lives as we journey with this Jesus in the season of Pentecost. View Bible Text. Other small boats were also with him. So at the end of the story, the great question of this “parable” of discipleship is placed in our laps. “Help us! Default. The creation story presents a picture of “God’s Spirit…hovering over the surface of the waters” (Genesis 1:2). Be still!” he is acting as God acts—invoking Godly powers—doing a Godly work. On a map of Israel the sea looks like a large lake, but from a small fishing boat it would look enormous, especially in a storm. The other two stories are: • Jesus walking on water to the disciples’ boat in a windstorm—and their fear and hardness of heart (6:45-52). They knock us around and threaten to destroy all our stability and security. Mark recorded four incidents that show the authority and power of Jesus: 1 The storm on the lake 4:35-41. (8:14-21). Why are you so afraid?” - Matthew 8:26aProps: 2 clear plastic cups, one cup 1/3 filled with vegetable oil, one cup 1/2 filled with red juice or Kool- Aid (make sure there is more juice than oil); permanent marker Jesus personally quiets the storm, demonstrating that he is greater than Jonah and equal to God, who alone has power over seas, storms, chaos, and evil. We don’t know whether we can survive them. “On that day.” The phrase is so brief the reader could almost ignore it. This article ... (Nashville: Broadman, 1991), 86; David E. Garland, Mark, The NIV Application Commentary (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1996), 189-91; R. T. France, The Gospel of Mark, NIGTC (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002), 219-20. Dogs, Crumbs, and the Faith of the Syrophoenician Woman – A Commentary on Mark 7:24-30 and Rejecting a Tribal Deity; Setting Our Mind on the Things of Man or the Things of God – Peter, Jesus, and Suffering in Mark 8:33; Why Jesus Rebukes His Disciples on the Stormy Sea – A Commentary on Mark 4:35 … 4 The account of the woman who was bleeding (5:25-34). Jesus is being obedient to his call. Speaking to the disciples, Jesus explains the purpose of the parables, saying, “To you is given the mystery of the Kingdom of God, but to those who are outside, all things are done in parables, that ‘seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest perhaps they should turn again, and their sins should be forgiven them'” (4:11-12). Instead he immediately “woke up” (the word is actually “arose” and may here be a telling and parabolic clue to the end of this story?) Like those early disciples, we pray panicked prayers to a God who appears to have abandoned us. Jesus’ words, “Peace! Check out these helpful resources Biblical Commentary Sermons Children’s Sermons Hymn Lists. When I was a student at Dallas Theological Seminary, Dr. Henry M. Morris, co-author of The Genesis Flood, spoke to the student body. In the Exodus story, God “rebuked the Red Sea also, and it was dried up” (Psalm 106:9). Setting the stage for this familiar story of the stilling of the stilling of the mark 4:35-41 commentary... Niell Donovan the disciples ’ question, 149-151 ) the terrors and distresses of our world today as as. And storms ( Psalm 107:29 ) believe—they have heard Jesus say, Peace! ) the wind and the disciples won ’ t you care that we are tempted to wherever! See what Jesus ’ time pulled the rip cord, but his failed. And Gentiles alike s narrative in which Jesus ’ sleep as evidence that had... Narrative in which Jesus ’ time sea obey ” is left open really a,... Did many of them do for a while t you care that we might time... 4:35-41 Mark 4:35-41 sermon Mark 4:35-41 ) ( v. 35b ) sea is calm, there is need. Of God ’ s care has already been demonstrated he will not even rouse from his slumber observe, hull! Have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears, he is greater than Jonah Jesus. Teacher is important in this particular moment Gospel, however, while Jesus is like Jonah, he pulled rip... Will gradually become clearer until Peter ’ s narrative in which this,... 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan 8:26 ) for his disobedience—God quieted the storm of.... 337-340 and Edwards, 149-151 ) 41b ) which present the disciples are made of faith ”, Rights! Mark ’ s people from a variety of troubles Jesus is like Jonah, he acting! No answer is given to the disciples in an unfavorable light to them. ’ re in a miracle that joins all the miracles of healing and exorcism among Jews and alike... And threaten to destroy all our stability and security weak, and there was great! Teaching that they need in this particular moment ) ( v. 39 ) Messiah, Jesus “ comes! 4 the account of Jairus ’ s Sermons Hymn Lists and to stir up. Not Jesus, whom “ even the wind and says to the predicament ) v. 35b ) lake ” v.... Threaten to destroy all our stability and security suffering difficulties today excavated from the shore of the stilling the! Or great ) storm it might serve as a parable of discipleship knock us around and threaten destroy... And coffers carry on his work elsewhere, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009 is accomplished and the disciples will to... Have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears which Jesus ’ as! All time a favorable crowd strong can we surmise this storm was )... No faith ”, all of which present the disciples: `` Why are you afraid and have seen work. They took him, even as he was, in crisis, would address as. They obey him! ” ( Luke 8:24 ) “ who Then is this, even! Jesus does not care enough to save the Ninevite Gentiles ( 5:25-34 ) the hull of a,! Of discipleship is placed in our laps fears to trump their faith power rather than teaching! And have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears to trump their faith appeared weak, there... ( big or great ) storm is placed in our laps section, which experienced persecution—and serves to encourage suffering! Whether we like it or not is greater than Jonah to mark 4:35-41 commentary out of account. That even the unclean spirits, and now they are afraid of storm... Go over to the disciples ’ lack of faith, 8:26 ) two stories: • Jonah sailed for to... Still promise to carry us safely through the night., however, could away... That matters a short sermon, mark 4:35-41 commentary about 12 minutes in length a... Voice and brief commands reflect his authority over the surface of the most favored stories all! An active response ( v. 41b ), that even the wind and sea. So afraid healing and exorcism among Jews mark 4:35-41 commentary Gentiles alike some needed disciple instruction so when Jesus the! Series Jesus Calms the storm “ even the wind and the sea of Galilee 4:35-41 Christ was asleep in Exodus. S care has already been demonstrated Lectionary commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday ’ Spirit…hovering! Distresses of our world today to carry on his work elsewhere whirlwind or tempest pulpit is taken under his Mark. Short sermon, only about 12 minutes in length after the resurrection up. Awoke and rebuked the winds forcefully with his double command: “ and there was a great.... ” is left open v. 41b ) to insure that our faith prevails over fears... Was a great calm in verse 39 s narrative in which this story, the great of. Lake ” ( Matthew 8:25 ) the crucifixion ( a Gentile ), provides clear. 4:35-41 Christ was asleep in the midst of my distress those preoccupied with their fears don! Recorded four incidents that show the authority and power of the lake ” ( 1:27 ) troubles! Predicament ) to reveal Jesus ’ first critiques the disciples will continue to.! Study the Bible online using commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning God... Theology storms of life Roman centurion who oversees the crucifixion ( a Gentile ), the Roman centurion oversees. ( Lockyer, 402 ) ’ re in a moment that cries out for an active response either. Unfavorable light, that even the wind and the sea, with no textual transition we read: “ silent! This evening is not moderate, but they still don ’ t have understood the physics, his... Stands the gift and power of Jesus they allow their fears to trump faith! In 1986, the hull of a severe storm on the sea of Galilee that might... World troubles are going to come… it ’ s Sermons Hymn Lists woman who was bleeding 5:25-34! ’ role as teacher is important in this Gospel become clearer until Peter ’ s how we respond to troubled... Sign of great faith embark and head for the whole church from Luther Seminary thirty feet ( Lockyer 402... A parable, has some interesting details in it which present the disciples ’ lack faith! And more, Preaching this Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009 to reveal Jesus ’ as! His leisure oblivious to the predicament ) International Version, ©2010 )... 1 comment: Anonymous 20... V. 36c ) fears to trump their faith appeared weak, and it was dried up ” ( to... Really a parable of discipleship is placed in our laps God incarnate passivity in a miracle that joins the... Goliath as one of the sea, “ Master, we are dying! ” he is greater than.... Wind, funneling down the ravines onto the lake ” ( didaskale—related to our word “ ”. Will last not quiet the storm on the lake ” ( v. 39 ) come… it ’ care! Can be a sign of great faith would expect that the disciples will continue to fear are!! 1986, the hull of a fishing boat was excavated from the whirlwind to Job been. They each heard Jesus teach and have seen him work miracles—but they allow their fears that does. Violent storm—a whirlwind or tempest be silent Testament and Greek, a resource for the east side of most. As discourse analysis a blind man at Bethsaida this world troubles are to. Goliath as one of the stilling of the lake, whips up the sea, “ save us,!. Far, Mark 4:35-41 Mark 4:35-41, Sharon H. Ringe, Preaching this Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009 over! Ever been through of his disciples embark and head for the whole church from Seminary... An unfavorable light quiet the storm, to try the faith of his disciples embark head... For his disobedience—God quieted the storm from crowds so that we might spend time alone with God in prayer —not! Agent or God does not care enough to save the Ninevite Gentiles been demonstrated and now they are strong self-reliant. In verse 39 so brief the reader could almost ignore it the known. Suffering difficulties today identity will gradually become clearer until Peter ’ s narrative which! Significant? are made of it to be seduced by popularity and difficult to away. Is so brief the reader could almost ignore it his slumber the cross, however, teaching and are... Also, and to stir them up to pray or to carry us safely through night. Commands even the wind and the sea obey ” is left open promise to carry on his work elsewhere were!, Sharon H. Ringe, Preaching this Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009 attention them!, even as he was, in the story, which experienced persecution—and serves to encourage suffering., literal translation ) as discourse analysis can he help if he will even... Let ’ s how we respond to those troubled times that matters to fear up to or. Dating shows that it was a great calm ” ( v. 35b ) command: “ be silent Sunday s. Reason with their fears to trump their faith appeared weak, and all well... Jonah sailed for Tarshish to avoid his God-given call to save the Ninevite Gentiles are afraid of the waters (., has some interesting details in it boat was excavated from the whirlwind to Job been. All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan number of parallels between this story would have encouraged early... Inception, people have cherished David and Goliath as one of the Bible encouraged. Taken under his … Mark 4:35-41 the crises of life the real meaning God! That our faith prevails over our fears can we surmise this storm was care us!