Ernest Shackleton, like all of us, is as flawed as he is brilliant, or as flawed as he is effective. Endurance had left South Georgia for Antarctica on December 5, 1914, carrying 27 men (plus one stowaway, who became ship’s steward), 69 dogs, and a tomcat erroneously dubbed Mrs. Chippy. In March 1916, the ice floe where the Patience Camp is located successfully makes its way to about 60 miles from Paulet Island, but impassable conditions make floating to the island all but an impossible goal. On November 21, 1915, Endurance entirely sank beneath the sea. Born on February 15, 1874, in Ireland, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton is now widely considered one of the principal figures of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. But also, at this point, Shackleton’s crew’s only hope. After Roald Admunsen had reached the Pole, Ernest Shackleton was still craving an Antarctic quest, and set himself the challenge of being the first man to cross Antarctica, by land, through the South Pole, from the Weddell Sea to … “Some of the party have quite given up hope of her coming.” Orde-Lees was clearly one of them. Born in Chicago on July 21, 1921, Lansing served the U.S. Navy during the Second World War and received a Purple Heart for being wounded during his service. He worked as a journalist for some time in Britain and was elected secretary of the Scottish Royal … “Every surge of the sea was an enemy to be watched and circumvented.” Even as they were within touching distance of their goal, the elements hurled their worst at them: “The wind simply shrieked as it tore the tops off the waves,” Shackleton wrote. Ernest Shackleton died on this day, January 5, 1922, aged just 47. Hoping that a new ice floe will drift them to safety, on December 29, Shackleton sets a new camp on another ice pack, and dubs him “The Patience Camp.”. He edited a weekly newspaper between 1946 and 1949, before joining the United Press and becoming a freelance writer in 1952. Shackleton—for reasons explained above—barely even took this into consideration. Twenty months after setting out for the Antarctic, every one of the Endurance crew was alive and safe. With Liam Neeson, Julian Ayer, John Blackborow, David Cale. There was no conceivable circumstance under which three strangers could possibly appear from nowhere at the whaling station, and certainly not from the direction of the mountains. (By the way, if you have problems following Shackleton’s plan—and the rest of his journey—we sincerely advise you to click here: once again, Wikipedia’s contributors have provided the most intelligible map on the Internet). Written Case Study - Leadership in Crisis: Ernest Shackleton and the Epic Voyage of the Endurance This case study analyzes how a prominent English polar explorer and his team of 27 men survived an expedition to Antarctica that went dramatically and dangerously awry. It is only due to Shackleton’s ability to motivate his people that the crew hasn’t given up altogether at this point. Ernest Shackleton's failed quest to reach the South Pole is still a management tutorial in how to face repeated crises. The government of Uruguay proffered a vessel that came within 100 miles of Elephant Island before being beaten back by the ice. A voyage of this magnitude and consequence has never been attempted before. In December 1914, the ship Endurance set sail from a remote whaling station on an island off the southern tip of Argentina. However, Alfred Lansing’s Heroic Age classic, Endurance, is not about Robert Falcon Scott—a celebrated hero of his day and age, but also someone whose leadership qualities and competence of character have been questioned in recent times—but about one of his officers during previous journeys, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton. And so Shackleton, Worsley and Tom Crean set off to reach it by foot—climbing over mountains and sliding down glaciers, forging a path that no human being had ever forged before, until, after 36 hours of desperate hiking, they staggered into the station at Stromness. They had been within a day’s sailing of their landing place; now the drift of the ice was slowly pushing them farther away with each passing day. The 28 men spent months drifting on ice floes and traversing the Southern Ocean in … This one they couldn’t get through: they got stuck immobile inside and had no choice but to leave Endurance drift away with the pack ice for the next several months. Do not miss out on this opportunity! In August 1914, days before the outbreak of the First World War, the renowned explorer Ernest Shackleton and a crew of twenty-seven set sail for the South Atlantic in pursuit of the last unclaimed prize in the history of exploration: the first crossing on foot of the Antarctic continent. Unfortunately, just two days later it encountered the first ice pack on their journey. The fact they drifted about 60 nautical miles from their intended target didn’t matter much: it was bearable. In 1914 Sir Ernest Shackleton leads twenty-seven men on the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. He launched one more expedition to the Antarctic, but the Endurance veterans who rejoined him noticed he appeared weaker, more diffident, drained of the spirit that had kept them alive. In December, 1914, the expedition, aboard the purpose-built polar exploration ship Endurance, enters the pack ice of the Weddell Sea off the coast of Antarctica some 1,100 nautical miles east of the Palmer Peninsula. They're manifested to cross the continent of Antarctica. With Walter Modell, Lansing co-authored one of the last books from the Life Science Library, Drugs (1967). How Shackleton and his men then made their escape on foot and in lifeboats is the stuff of legend. Just eight years later, he died, aged 54. And then he adds something even more central about his character, something almost superhuman in an Ahab-or-Santiago-kind-of-way: “Whatever his mood—whether it was gay and breezy, or dark with rage—he had one pervading characteristic: he was purposeful.”. But Shackleton procured a third ship, the Yelcho, from Chile; and finally, on August 30, 1916, the saga of the Endurance and its crew came to an end. The men on the island were settling down to a lunch of boiled seal’s backbone when they spied the Yelcho just off the coast. Shackleton's battle against the odds and his unfailing commitment to bring all his men out alive turned him into a legend. 12min Team | Posted on November 7, 2019 |. It was almost as if he had nothing to accomplish anymore. He was perhaps best known for his 1914–16 expedition, in which his ship, Endurance, was crushed by pack ice and the crew endured months of hardship before being rescued. Shackleton is not: he knows that this is merely the beginning of the rescue journey. During the months of May and June, using borrowed ships (Southern Sky, Instituto de Pesca No. So, merely a few days after reaching South Georgia, the exhausted Shackleton, Crean and Worsley—facing the fact that the James Caird is now too unseaworthy to use it to go round the island—set out on yet another dangerous and never-before-done journey to reach the Stromness whaling station by crossing South Georgia on foot! Published by Penguin Putnam Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10014, 418 pages, $6.99, paperback, 1999. But finally, on May 10, the James Caird reaches the south coast of South Georgia! Officers and crew of the Endurance pose under the bow of the ship at Weddell Sea Base during the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914-17, led by Ernest Shackleton. Ernest Shackleton and the crew of the "Endurance" set sail for Antarctica in 1914. While this was being done, the Weddell Sea group would be sledding toward the Pole, living on their own rations. His first experience of the polar regions came relatively early: he was in his 20s when he was assigned the role of third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s landmark Discovery expedition of 1901–1904 that was organized by the British Royal Society and the Royal Geographical Society with the objective of carrying out scientific research and geographical exploration of the untouched continent. Frank Worsley, Captain of the Endurance and navigator on the James Caird.Seen here on board the Endurance After his death, the name of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton—who died in debts due to many failed business endeavors—was largely forgotten by both his compatriots and the world, contrary to that of his one-time captain and longtime rival afterward, Robert Falcon Scott. He spoke softly and somewhat slowly in an indefinite baritone, with just the recollection of a brogue from his County Kildare birth. In 1914, a ship called Endurance set sail from Argentina. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The ship was made specifically for the purpose of travelling through Arctic conditions and waters, with a thick rounded hull for smashing through ice. Suddenly, there was no way forward, nor any way back. Some of the younger dogs, too small to pull their weight, were shot, as was, to the chagrin of many, the unfortunate Mrs. Chippy. Learn more … Soon after, to the dismay of the crew, the ice floe begins to break, and Shackleton has to plan a trip to some kind of a nearby land—using nothing more than three lifeboats. Filed under: History & Biographies, Leadership. Harvard Business School Case 803-127, April 2003. Boost your life and career with the best book summaries. There’s a reason why people remember Alfred Lansing for this book, and why they remember Shackleton’s failed expedition primarily through it: Endurance is an exceptionally researched and beautifully written book on a topic. Endurance was the three-masted barquentine in which Sir Ernest Shackleton and a crew of 27 men and one cat sailed for the Antarctic on the 1914–1917 Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. Each morning on Elephant Island, Frank Wild, whom Shackleton had left in charge, issued the call for everyone to “Lash up and stow” their belongings. Explorer Frank Wild (1873 - 1939) looking at the wreckage of the Endurance, 1915. South: The Endurance Expedition, by Ernest Shackleton. His jaw was like iron. Their record for exploration “had been perhaps unparalleled among the nations of the earth,” and now they had to take “a humiliating second-best” to a much less-renowned country. Ernest Shackleton ... best known for leading the 'Endurance' expedition of 1914-16. To stop this from happening and neutralize the depression as much as possible, Shackleton organized Sunday evening gramophone concerts and monthly lectures by the Endurance’s photographers, among many other jolly events that helped the sailors keep their spirits up. But after Shackleton’s ship, HMS Endurance, was trapped by pack ice—and slowly succumbed to its crushing pressure—the expedition's fate, and that of its crew, looked bleak. Worsley had by that stage not slept for 80 hours. In 1914, Sir Ernest Shackleton led an expedition to Antarctica but soon after arrival, Shackleton's ship--The Endurance--was destroyed by shifting glaciers, and he was tasked with leading his 27 men across the tundra, on an epic struggle for survival. Strenuous endeavors are made to free the Endurance from the ice, February 1915. But, restless and resolute as he was, just a few years later, he turned to the “one great object of Antarctic journeyings” remaining: transatlantic journey, i.e., crossing Antarctica from the Wendell Sea via the South Pole to McMurdo Sound. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The Stunning Survival Story of Ernest Shackleton and His Endurance Crew. Now, those on board removed their last remaining belongings from the ship and set up camp on the ice. Lansing describes Shackleton’s appearance in a vivid manner: He was now forty years old, of medium height and thick of neck, with broad, heavy shoulders a trifle stooped, and dark brown hair parted in the center. There was nothing else to do but to establish a routine and wait out the winter. His companions grew increasingly dispirited and doubtful. His face was handsome, though it often wore a brooding expression—as if his thoughts were somewhere else—which gave him at times a kind of darkling look. At more or less the same time, a second ship [named Aurora] would put into McMurdo Sound in the Ross Sea, almost directly across the continent from the Weddell Sea base. “The Boss may come today!” he declared daily. From there a small party, including himself, would set out on the first crossing of the continent, ultimately arriving at the Ross Sea, south of New Zealand, where another group would be waiting for them, having laid depots of food and fuel along the way. It threw freezing spray in their faces and tossed frigid water over them, and it batted the boats from side to side and brought brave men to the fetal position as they battled the elements and seasickness. However, when Amundsen reached the Farthest South latitude (90°S) on December 15, 1911, Shackleton was a bit shackled. Things took a turn for the worst when the news of Robert Falcon Scott’s tragic death reached England. We had seen God in His splendors, heard the text that Nature renders. The storms had pushed the James Caird off course, and they had landed on the other side of the island from the whaling station. He had a wide, sensuous but expressive mouth that could curl into a laugh or tighten into a thin fixed line with equal facility. “But to express all I feel is impossible.”. Unfortunately, they reach land there on the far side of the island. It will be a greater journey than the journey to the Pole and back, and I feel it is up to the British nation to accomplish this, for we have been beaten at the conquest of the North Pole and beaten at the first conquest of the South Pole. But, as Lansing says, “if it hadn’t been audacious, it wouldn’t have been to Shackleton’s liking. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! There now remains the largest and most striking of all journeys—the crossing of the Continent.”. On April 9, 1916, the ice pack breaks in two, and The James Caird, Stancomb Wills and Dudley Docker are launched for a voyage to Elephant Island, a remote and uninhabited island far from all shipping lanes. In 1914, explorer Ernest Shackleton and his team of 27 men set off to become the first people to cross Antarctica on foot. The British didn’t take the news of the Norwegians reaching the South Pole before them lightly. In 1914 Ernest Shackleton launched an expedition to Antarctica aboard a ship called the “Endurance”. 59° 46' S., long. However, he achieved one of the greatest feats of the turn of the century polar exploration; We’… But their ordeal was far from over. He had small hands, but his grip was strong and confident. His story is one of the human spirit in all its wonder and all its frailty. Finally, on October 27, 1915, a new wave of pressure rippled across the ice, lifting the ship’s stern and tearing off its rudder and its keel. 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