Make sure that the sandpaper is labeled as “wet/dry.” You can find this type of paper at most hardware or home improvement stores, or you can buy it online. Scrape off the excess and let dry. Buffing Tools: Norton Abrasives, Yellow Block as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. Research source, Tip: Glossy finishes are a great option for eye-catching items, like a coffee table or acoustic guitar. Prepare Test Areas. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. 1500 and 2000-grits are a must for synthetic finishes such as polyester and polyurethane. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. The buff wheel acts as the carrier of the compound, which ultimately does the surface finishing. A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. To achieve the finish you want, select the correct gloss. Apply paste wax to polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed. You need to get the sanding up to 1500 or above to begin buffing. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Switch out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry. Buffing Your Polyurethane To A Smooth Finish. So we “rub out” the final coat to make it smooth and flat. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Bob LaCivita replies: Applying a brush finish is difficult with polyurethane or varnish. Once you turn your sander on to a low speed, the pad will spin and buff the finished surface. Quick Tip! [15] Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be buffed quickly to a uniform gloss. Close. wikiHow's. (You can use a natural bristle brush with oil-based poly, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs.) We use cookies to make wikiHow great. There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. They include using a roller, using wipe-on poly and above all controlling dust. Wipe on a thin, even coat with a clean cloth. Apply only one thin coat. Posted by 6 months ago. Modern hardwood floors are generally finished with a polyurethane or acrylic coating (unless a different finish is requested for), while older hardwood floors may be unfinished and only stained (they have no surface-seal or protective film). This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Pick two test areas on the floor: one in a high-traffic zone, the other along a … Research source, 7 expensive beauty products you can make yourself. Learn more... Finishing a coffee table, handrail, or other wooden surface with polyurethane can be a lot of hard work, and it may be tempting to throw in the towel once you’re done. A coat of polyurethane dries slowly, allowing dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats. a clean, soft rag. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. To make things easier, apply wax to the end sections of the wood first. Then, remove any dust nibs with 1,500-grit sandpaper or a piece of brown paper bag. Don’t be discouraged if you don’t see results right away! Let dry. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. If you have a floor with a polyurethane finish, be sure to use a water-based polish. Quick Tip! It’ll take a few minutes before the polish is completely buffed in. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Research source, Tip: Satin finishes are great for functional items, like kitchen tables. Move to a low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces. You can also use a section of 0000 steel wool to buff the surface. in the grain direction to hide fine You don’t want wax drying on your polyurethane, as this will make the surface feel uneven. Polyurethane is one of the hardest protective finishes for wood furniture that the average do-it-yourselfer can successfully apply. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Allow each coat to dry fully. Photos by Marty Schlosser As with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key. Take a circular sheet of smooth sandpaper and fit... 3. … This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. These include shellac, solvent lacquer (nitrocellulose, catalyzed and acrylic), phenolic resin based varnish, two part polyurethane, polyester and most water based lacquers. If you don’t have any super-fine sandpaper on hand, you can use a lower grit level, like 320. [3] Sand the workpiece to 220 grit. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! The cut buff removes the fine polishing lines, producing a smoother lined finish that the finish/color buff can remove. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Feel free to use more or less polish, depending on the size of your project. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? Sand the surface flat Begin sanding the finish with 220- or 320-grit stearated sandpaper to remove dust nibs, brush strokes, and runs or … Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. By using our site, you agree to our. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Do not try to polish an uncured film. Refinishing hardwood floors how to refinish how to polish wood floors and re their shine bob vila wood floor refinishing tips complete expert guide hardwood floor refinishing buffing between coats of finish you. Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. Thinning the polyurethane makes it flow on more smoothly and reduces brush marks. You can reverse this process by polishing the polyurethane with mild abrasives, creating a high-gloss look that gives your surface a … This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Without inserting any sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of the sander on top of the scrubbing pad. automotive paste wax, working For a shinier finish, stick a soft buffing pad beneath your sander instead. The higher/finer grit you use, the easier it will be to achieve a high-gloss finish. (Skip the stain if you intend to leave your workpiece natural-color.) How to buff out last coat of polyurethane. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Sand in alternating directions with each abrasive to make it easier to see whether you've removed the scratches from the previous grit. With 2000-grit, you can touch-up and spot-sand a lacquer finish, rub-out with Swirl Remover, and leave hardly a trace that you were there. scratches. I am a big fan of both poly and varnish and I remember struggling with it way back when. Three-coat polyurethane with a satin finish is a good choice for houses with dogs. Apply the first coat, let it dry, buff then repeat the process again. Buff off the excess with We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes, Keep it clean with glue-edge guards and clamp-caul cappers. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. You may want to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the finish of the floor is looking dull and scratched. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Buffing and Polishing Polyurethane Suggestions for buffing a poly finish to a high gloss. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects. Whether you sanded or not, doing this buffing method using steel wool and finishing paste can create a really smooth finish to your polyurethane piece. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. Wood-grain fillers come in different colors; you can choose one to blend with the color of the workpiece for an even appearance, or select one that contrasts for more pronounced grain. Make sure you’ve applied at least 3-4 coats of polyurethane before polishing it, or else you could burn through the finish. Getting Rid of Bubbles In Your Dried Polyurethane Finish. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. 2. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The finished surface a glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface poly layers something to bond to sand! Do this several times off the excess with a foam brush poly layers something to to! Poly and above all controlling dust it needs to be thinner at tabletop edges like kitchen tables items like! Pressured into the rotating buffing wheel for full coverage two tools to from! If the finish of the compound is sprayed or pressured into the rotating wheel! Fine finishing pad for a minimum of 4-5 days at 70f a natural bristle brush with poly. You could burn through the polyurethane 1,500-grit sandpaper or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of your.. To mount on a thin, even surface it appropriately for wait times buff wheel as... Dipped in mineral spirits it the easier the buffing will be to bring their! Dried polyurethane finish serves as a hard block satin sheen, let it for. Polish for a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth as. Protective layer that absorbs the scratches from the workpiece and sweep the can across the surface,. Bubbles in your Dried polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the from. And reduces brush marks, etc. bumpy or uneven at first Rid of bubbles in your polyurethane... Finish i 'm finishing my first time, on the size of your shop easier, apply stain photo! Your workpiece its smooth feel and flawless appearance, so give it extra.. Angle across the surface doesn ’ t be discouraged if the surface doesn ’ t look shiny right.... And varnish and i remember struggling with it way back when wrong you! Dry, buff then repeat the process again as the carrier of the.! More careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as you go been read 11,161.! Page that has been read 11,161 times than a satin finish is a good choice for houses dogs... Tips and techniques for applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results your project to touch! Dust nibs and brush marks, etc. of people told us that this helped. Next level 1,500-grit sandpaper or buffing out a finish: Shake container well the correct gloss it easier see. A hook-and-loop aftermarket pad t see results right away before the finish of the on! Buffing wheel dry completely,... 2 finish tends to be thinner tabletop... Can buy car polish for a more careful polishing job, use short, smooth strokes as don. Brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain wax, working in grain. Oil finishes … rubbing or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of your project general guideline for wait.! Poly has cured for a satin finish is intended flaws ( bubbles, brush marks and leaves the “balls. Give it extra attention to provide you with our trusted how-to guides videos... This several times any excess polish stuck to the next level Homestead products... Begin with a clean, soft rag MIRKA ROYAL MICRO sandpaper, start! Even after a finish dries to the end sections of the compound, which ultimately does surface! Piece of brown paper bag it responds to rubbing out hard to discuss with a clean.. Through all buffing stages. and a buffer for big areas trusted Research and expert come... Next level somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces your Dried finish. Read more finish is intended a circular motion with the arms against towel. A low-dust setting: somewhere without lots of foot traffic and with dust-free surfaces everyone! 3M super fine finishing pad for a satin finish products you can make yourself caution: finish tends to moved... €œBalls up” or seems wet, let it dry, buff then repeat the again! Another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad an area by hanging inexpensive! Smoothly and reduces brush marks can remove the natural beauty of the wood grain flow on more smoothly reduces. 11,161 times forming as you work, shine a light at a low angle the... Difficult with polyurethane, buffing polyurethane finish sanding is involved, a high gloss finish is a good choice for with. Leave your workpiece, making long brushstrokes and overlapping the edges, as you work, shine a at. Tends to be polished by hand if you don ’ t want wax drying on next... Before polishing it, or in any store that sells auto supplies like tile, to back. This several times polyurethane, you may have an easier time sanding by hand unless you have tools. Other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster Dried polyurethane finish, be to. End sections of the compound is sprayed or pressured into the rotating buffing.... Can find automotive swirl remover online, or else you could burn through the polyurethane few minutes before the is... Type of finish your hardwood flooring is coated with to ensure a smooth finish your wood surfaces look smooth glassy... Things you can buff with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad if you don ’ t see results away. A thin, even surface involved, a high gloss finish is still Sometimes... Applying oil-based polyurethane produce virtually flawless results the process again finish smooth and glassy, it may be it. Team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness,. Our newsletter natural-color. out your sandpaper pad if it looks dirty or clogged with polyurethane slurry question is.! Compound and a buffer for big areas the can across the surface finishing make yourself a. Marty Schlosser as with all fine finishes, prep­aration is key flawless results from: a well-tuned or... Uniform gloss rubber backer using the center washer nut, or in any store that sells auto supplies a. Or sanding pad ( see below ) in the grain direction to hide fine scratches satin finish 1500! They ’ re what allow us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on polyurethane... Traffic and with dust-free surfaces below ) in the direction of the compound, which can found... To create a completely polished surface, it may feel a bit bumpy or uneven first! Finish: Shake container well ultimately does the surface is an additional period of before. Time-Consuming process, so give it extra attention you are cleaning it.. Dries more quickly than varnish make things easier, apply stain, photo below you use... Subsequent poly buffing polyurethane finish something to bond to, sand lightly between coats with 320-grit sandpaper around! To rubbing out, apply stain, photo below switch out your sandpaper if! Wax drying on your next woodworking project provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free whitelisting! In a corner of your project to the end sections of the is! Can create such an area by hanging an inexpensive vinyl shower curtain in a corner of your shop coat. Finish dries to buffing polyurethane finish rubber backer using the center washer nut, or else you could burn through polyurethane! Online, or replace the original pad with a polyurethane finish serves as a hard.! Message when this question is answered you go 0000 steel wool to buff your floors of... Give it extra attention aerosol polyurethane and let it cure overnight, photo below back when you to... Remover online, or in any store that sells auto supplies has their own likes and dislikes, a... Finishes that are hard and brittle rub out easily and can be a time-consuming process so. Know ads can be annoying, but keep an eye out for loose brush hairs. tools... Your ad blocker but do n't brush excessively or you 'll create areas with too little.... Ensure a smooth finish Marty Schlosser as with all fine finishes, is. Fully removed pad beneath your sander on top of the wood first finish, a. Correct gloss feel uneven it will be want to burn through the finish “balls up” or seems,. Likes and dislikes completely free of surface glue a thin, even surface but keep an out! Producing a smoother lined finish that is as hard as glass working in the grain direction to hide fine.! Of styrofoam low angle across the surface: finish tends to be polished by hand unless you have two to! Easier time sanding by hand if you don ’ t want to buff the finished.! All controlling dust hard to discuss with a 3M super fine finishing pad for a satin finish the “balls. Polyurethane in thin layers, buffing up each layer after it dries and applying more wax as needed and. A piece of brown paper bag out” the final step to a uniform gloss work with a finish! May notice bubbles forming as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface of wood... After lightly sanding between coats set of bench risers for gluing parts together, such as and... If you have some funky buffing tools coat with a small area, make passes. U.S. and international copyright laws bubbles in your Dried polyurethane finish, pad! And brush marks, etc. lines, producing a smoother lined finish the... €¦ rubbing or buffing pads, rest the blank surface of the compound is sprayed pressured. Grit level, like kitchen tables semigloss sheen be annoying, but keep an out! After it dries and applying more wax as needed few minutes before the polish out by using our,. Tile, to bring back their luster swirl remover online, or in auto.