The word used here for “Lord” was the Greek word often employed in the Septuagint to translate the Hebrew word for Yahweh. My people will never again be put to shame. The God who offers men forgiveness for their sins and an eternity of bliss in His presence is also the God who takes the rejection of His blessed Son seriously. Verse 27 goes beyond anything David can claim for himself. But not everyone in Jerusalem responded so well to the preaching on that day. The manner in which it was to be kept is described in Lev. "When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). On this occasion of Pentecost: 50 days earlier Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem. And the key to both was Him whom God had declared both Lord and Christ. The feast is one of three annual religious festivals, but is a one-day celebration. P 438 A married couple offered to give the money from the sale of property to the apostles. Just as Joel spoke of Gentiles enduring the wrath of God (chapter 3), so Peter warned his Jewish audience about this same wrath. After being filled with the Holy Spirit, Peter preached and around 3,000 were saved. Instead, Satan is described. Peter. So the priests, those who serve the Lord, are in mourning. Likewise (in Peter’s sermon), we find David describing his future hope of resurrection, but going beyond this to describe the resurrection of Messiah (Psalm 16:8-10; Acts 2:25-27). Wail, you who minister at the altar! 6 I would understand this to mean that Egypt never saw the likes of such devastation again. The day of Pentecost marks the birth of the New Testament Church and we find the account of the events that took place on that day in Acts 2. I found that some preachers had a dominant theme to which they retreated every Sunday. After this, Jesus was taken up into heaven, and the disciples returned to Jerusalem where they spent much time together in prayer, waiting for the promised Spirit. I’ve mentioned my “five minute rule” in the past, but I’ll repeat it for those who may not have heard it previously. 4 See, for example, Joel 2:1, 15, 23, 32. It is worth noting that the three sections I have suggested follow the chapter divisions of the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament – the version of the Old Testament frequently cited by the New Testament writers).5. When he wrote that “everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved,” he meant everyone, and not just Jews. (Ref: Acts 2:1-) This very day is also fundamentally the birth of the NT church. what book of the Bible tells about Pentecost? In addition, anyone who wants to share the Bible with others can print unlimited copies and give them away free to others. Like Simeon they waited for the consolation of Israel. This was something unusual. Joel’s Prophecy For The Day Of Pentecost. He explained that the people were not drunk, but empowered by the Holy Spirit. In verses 34-35, Peter will insist that it was not David who ascended into heaven, but Jesus. 13 Get dressed and lament, you priests! (Joel 2:2, emphasis mine). 14 I placed you there with an anointed guardian cherub; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked in the midst the stones of fire. 15 You were blameless in your behavior from the day you were created, until sin was discovered in you. 1. 33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God. Chapter 2 (Joel 2:1-27) continues the theme of the locust plague, but in my opinion there is a double reference here. No, David had to be speaking of someone other than himself when he claimed that God’s Holy One would not see corruption. When God made His covenant with Israel, He warned that if Israel disregarded His covenant He would bring the plagues of Egypt upon her: 58 “If you refuse to obey all the words of this law, the things written in this scroll, and refuse to fear this glorious and awesome name, the Lord your God, 59 then the Lord will increase your punishments and those of your descendants—great and long-lasting afflictions and severe, enduring illnesses. Thus David can speak of his own sufferings, and yet be describing the sufferings of Messiah as well (Psalm 22). 13 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved (Romans 10:11-13, emphasis mine). The pain of Jesus’ leaving, and maybe the fear of what they’d risked by loving him, had reached a threshold. The explanation of Pentecost, Peter declared, was to be found in the Old Testament Book of Joel. Where were the disciples? 2 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. He simply replied, “It is too early in the morning for that!” Folks didn’t start drinking that early in the morning, and so the charge was seen to be senseless. After that, they and the house they were staying at were "filled" with the aroma of the Holy Spirit. Preaching Is Verbal. On the day of Pentecost all the believers were meeting together in one place. For the day of the Lord7 is near;8 it will come as destruction from the Divine Destroyer (Joel 1:15). 29 Even on male and female servants I will pour out my Spirit in those days. Peter said it in a very few words: “This is what was spoken about through the prophet Joel” (Acts 2:16). Suddenly, a terrific wind came from heaven and filled the place: Immediately, the disciples were filled with the Holy Spirit, causing them to speak in tongues. 20 The sun will be changed to darkness and the moon to blood before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. Jesus replied, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come from God and am now here. Pentecost was a festive and joyful celebration of the end of the barley harvest and the beginning of the wheat harvest. . Determining who Jesus is and whether you will submit to Him, and receive His salvation, is the most important decision you will ever make. In some ways, the Book of Joel was an ideal text for Peter to cite. They meant that both judgment and blessing were near. A belief in the real presence of the Holy Spirit as described in this account of the Day of Pentecost is integral to the Christian faith. When the Father puts all of the enemies of Christ under His feet, He will be honored as the One with all authority and power. in 1971. We are certain that it did at least include the twelve. Jesus had instructed His apostles to remain in Jerusalem until they received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father: 4 While he was with them, he declared, “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait there for what my Father promised, which you heard about from me. Sermons preached around the same date | more. 10 The crops of the fields have been destroyed. If God would deal severely with Gentile pagans for their mistreatment of His people (as indicated in Joel 3), how much more severely would He deal with those Jews who had personally observed the life and ministry of Jesus, and then took part in His crucifixion? It does not really seem to matter a great deal as the date of the locust plague is not indicated, nor does it have a great bearing on the interpretation and application of the message of Joel. The point of this is that the king of Tyre manifests the same character flaws that characterize Satan himself. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? Your sons and daughters will prophesy. And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. If he sounds familiar, it is because that’s the same guy who wrote the gospels of Luke. That will come in Acts chapters 10 and 11. 13 Get dressed and lament, you priests! meaning of "Pentecost" fiftieth (50th day after Passover) what happened on Pentecost? Christians steadfastly believe that whoever calls on the name of Jesus, repents, and believes in him will be saved: "For “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved." 32 This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it. 2 Copyright © 2005 by Community Bible Chapel, 418 E. Main Street, Richardson, TX 75081. All About Pentecost in the Catholic Church, Peter the Apostle - Member of Jesus' Inner Circle, The Ascension of Jesus Bible Story Study Guide, Cornelius in the Bible Becomes a Christian, Introduction to the Catholic Religion: Beliefs, Practices and History, M.A., English Composition, Illinois State University, B.S., English Literature, Illinois State University, The apostles had chosen Mathias to replace, The apostles' ability to address foreign visitors in their own languages was a miracle from God. 19 And I will perform wonders in the sky above and miraculous signs on the earth below, blood and fire and clouds of smoke. The “day of the Lord” was near, and they were the ones who most deserved the judgment it would bring!12, What did “these things” (pertaining to Pentecost) mean? And when Peter was done preaching on the Day of Pentecost, verse 41 tells us there were three thousand more Christians than there were before! This began to unfold on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:38f). Anyone is at liberty to use this lesson for educational purposes only, with or without credit. With the Holy Spirit's empowerment, Peter preached boldly to them about Jesus Christ and God's plan of salvation. While human hands were sinfully involved in the death of Jesus, His death was the sovereign plan and purpose of God from eternity past: This man, who was handed over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed by nailing him to a cross at the hands of Gentiles (Acts 2:23). . 11 Be distressed, farmers; wail, wine dressers, over the wheat and the barley. He preached upon the day of Pentecost. If you do, you will be saved. Little did he know or see that this same text from Joel 2 would later be cited by Paul: 11 For the scripture says, “Everyone who believes in him will not be put to shame.” 12 For there is no distinction between the Jew and the Greek, for the same Lord is Lord of all, who richly blesses all who call on him. Also present were Jesus' mother, Mary, and other female followers. Such a plague should not come as a great surprise. This lament is for the “king of Tyre” (verse 12), but some of the descriptions cannot be of an earthly king. First, it is a promise that God will send His Spirit upon His people as the time of Israel’s restoration and blessing draws near (Joel 2:28-29). 28:27-29. The rushing wind filling the whole house is reminiscent of the presence of God filling the temple in the Old Testament (2 Chronicles 7:1; Ezekiel 43:5). Then, what looked like flames or tongues of fire appeared and settled on each of them. To him be glory forever! This is clearly the teaching of our Lord and the apostles: 37 On the last day of the feast, the greatest day, Jesus stood up and shouted out, “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me, and 38 let the one who believes in me drink. STUDIES IN ACTS (Chapters 1 – 3) by Francis Dixon Study verses: Acts 2:14-36. (Granted, they did this with the help of Gentiles; see Acts 2:23.) Perhaps the double reference is most apparent in Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28, where human kings are rebuked, yet they are described in Satan-like terms. In Joel 2, Israel is once again called to repentance, with the hope of finding mercy and compassion: 12 “Yet even now,” the Lord says, “return to me with all your heart— with fasting, weeping, and mourning. (Acts 2:37, NIV). His death was part of God’s eternal purpose, even though sinful men played a role in it. Joel therefore calls upon the nation, and particularly its leaders, to repent and to plead for mercy. The first chapter of Joel describes a devastating sequence of plagues of locusts, which stripped the land of Israel of all its food crops. This devastation was greater than any Israel had experienced up to this point in time: 2 Listen to this, you elders, and pay attention, all inhabitants of the land. This idea is what is behind the preaching of Peter on the Day of Pentecost. Those who reject Jesus as the Messiah, Lord, and Christ will suffer divine wrath, a wrath that is drawing near. 27 You will be convinced that I am in the midst of Israel. 60 He will infect you with all the diseases of Egypt that you dreaded, and they will persistently afflict you. 15 In spite of what you think, these men are not drunk, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. The Day of Pentecost is celebrated 50 days after Easter in Western branches of Christianity. Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. On subsequent days, many of these unsaved did respond, and the total number of saved climbed to about 5000. They had come from … By the end of the day of Pentecost, about 3000 souls had been saved in response to the preaching of Peter and the other apostles. Every precious stone was your covering, the ruby, topaz, and diamond, the beryl, onyx, and jasper, the sapphire, turquoise, and emerald; your settings and engravings were made of gold. Israel’s devastation as described in Joel 1 would seem to surpass the desctruction Egypt suffered. This was to serve as a warning that the “day of the Lord” was near: How awful that day will be! And when Jesus was put to death, God raised Him from the dead, a vindication of His claim to be the promised Messiah. The crowd was so moved when Peter told them of their part in the crucifixion of Jesus that they asked the apostles, "Brothers, what shall we do?" We must recognize that “he” in verse 33 refers to our Lord Jesus. To be “the Christ” was to be the Messiah, the anointed One who would suffer and die for the sins of men. 36 For from him and through him and to him are all things. Jesus was the first-born from the dead, the first fruits, if you would, of the resurrection. Your elderly will have revelatory dreams; your young men will see prophetic visions. He dare not refer to himself as God’s “Holy One.” Neither dare he claim that his body will avoid decay in the tomb. Or, to put it differently, Satan is behind many of the evils that take place at the hands of heathen kings. Learn more | Create PowerClip! 21 And then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved’” (Acts 2:17-21). Some people in the crowd thought the apostles were drunk. The third section begins with the text that Peter cited at the beginning of his sermon at Pentecost. It was also their custom to attend the morning and evening prayer times at the temple. It was a distinctly Jewish book, addressed to those Jews dwelling in Israel, and particularly those in Jerusalem.4 It was a book that seemingly made no direct reference to the salvation of Gentiles. THE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH PETER PREACHED. In view of this, shortly before his ascension into heaven, the Lord proclaimed: “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer, and rise again from the dead the third day; and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name unto all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem” (Luke 24:46, 47). Peter therefore declares that God the Father was intimately involved in the ministry of the Lord Jesus. Peter said on that day. And in verse 33, Peter is emphatic that the One who has poured out the Spirit is Jesus. Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore (Joel 1:5, 13). First, let us take note of the serious consequences of rejecting Jesus as Lord and Christ. 28 You have made known to me the paths of life; you will make me full of joy with your presence.’. The Apostles must have been in Jerusalem for about 10 days because the Day of Pentecost (the New Testament name for the Feast of Weeks) was 50 days after the Passover Sabbath (Leviticus 23:15-21). I am the Lord your God; there is no other. As Luke has already informed us in chapter one, the resurrected Jesus appeared to His followers for forty days, until He was taken up into heaven. All Israel needed to know that God had made Jesus the Nazarene both Lord and Christ. By using Learn Religions, you accept our, Points of Interest From the Day of Pentecost Account, A Christian Perspective on the Feast of Pentecost, What It Means to Be Baptized in the Holy Spirit, Pentecost Sunday and the Coming of the Holy Spirit. Has anything like this ever happened in your whole life or in the lifetime of your ancestors? I threw you down to the ground; I placed you before kings, that they might see you. May 5, 2017. Even before I attended seminary, I had set a high standard for the preaching of others. The words that I say to you, I do not speak on my own initiative, but the Father residing in me performs his miraculous deeds” (John 14:10). It was celebrated 50 days after Passover and was marked by pilgrims coming to Jerusalem from all over the world to celebrate the event. God does not show partiality. Then Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he, and I do nothing on my own initiative, but I speak just what the Father taught me” (John 8:28). Play! Come, spend the night in sackcloth, you servants of my God, because no one brings grain offerings or drink offerings to the temple of your God anymore. Of Jesus the Nazarene, whom they had come from distant lands to reside in Jerusalem responded so well the. ( my inclination, however, is completely absurd Psalm is one of David s! Was and is only partial has brought us full circle, and particularly to living. And Jews only - in my opinion there is hope for Peter to cite with! 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